Islet insulin secretion, β-cell mass, and energy balance in a polygenic mouse model of type 2 diabetes with obesity
Mao, X., K. D. Dillon, M. F. McEntee, A. M. Saxton, and J. H. Kim.  2014.  Journal of Inborn Errors of Metabolism and Screening, 2: 2326409814528153.

Type 2 diabetes (T2D) and obesity are polygenic metabolic diseases, highly prevalent in humans. The TALLYHO/Jng (TH) mouse is a polygenic model of T2D and obesity that encompasses many aspects of the human conditions. In this study, we investigated the key metabolic components including β-cell physiology and energy balance involved in the development of diabetes and obesity in TH mice. Glucose-stimulated insulin secretion from freshly isolated islets was significantly enhanced in TH mice compared with normal C57BL/6 (B6) mice, similar to the compensated stage in human T2D associated with obesity. This increased glucose responsiveness was accompanied by an increase in total β-cell mass in TH mice. Energy expenditure and locomotor activity were significantly reduced in TH mice compared with B6 mice. Food intake was comparable between the two strains but water intake was more in TH mice. Together, obesity in TH mice does not appear to be due to hyperphagia, and TH mice may be a genetic model for T2D with obesity, allowing study of the important signaling or metabolic pathways leading to compensatory increases in insulin secretion and β-cell mass in insulin resistance.