Effects of Regionalized Trade Restrictions Quantity Exported During a Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza Outbreak
Thompson, J. M.  2018.  Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics, 50(2). 2018.

From December 2014 to June 2015, U.S. poultry was affected by highly pathogenic avian influenza and led to destruction of 48 million birds and losses in international trade. During the event, 45 countries placed trade restrictions on U.S. poultry exports, varying from regionalized to national poultry restrictions. Using a gravity model of trade, the effects on quantity traded is estimated for poultry exports at the aggregated and disaggregated commodity level to understand product flows during an event. Results indicate U.S. poultry exports benefit from countries willing to applying limited trade restrictions and the trade impact varies across disaggregated commodities.