Bringing Clarity to Rotation, Diameter, and Hardwood Maturity
Mercker, D. C.  2019.  National Woodlands, Vol. 42, No. 2.

Abstract:
Hardwood timber, as with all agricultural commodities, has a financial maturity to aid in determining when trees should be harvested. Undesirable trees reach financial maturity sooner than acceptable growing stock. Species, form, grade, and site productivity are strong contributors in determining financial maturity of hardwood timber.