A Guide for Matching Oak Species with Sites during Restoration of Loess-influenced bottomlands in the West Gulf Coastal Plain
Mercker, D. C., R. Blair, D. D. Tyler, and J. Smith.  2011.  University of Tennessee Extension, PB1800.

Abstract:
This guide has been prepared for natural resource professionals, both private and public, who advise on, develop and/or implement tree-planting plans to restore bottomland oak forests. Private landowners with advanced knowledge of forest management practices may find the guide helpful as well. Users will acquire information on matching 10 common bottomland hardwood species to different hydric soils based on soil mottling, specifically the gleyed matrix. Soil mottling and the presence of a gleyed matrix are important determinants when predicting high groundwater conditions and the resulting survival and growth of bottomland oaks. The findings suggest that practitioners plant Nuttall, pin and overcup oaks in poorly drained soils. As the drainage improves, begin mixing in willow oak. In the best-drained soils (if they exist), finish by including water, swamp chestnut, swamp white, Shumard, cherrybark and bur oaks. Potential species diversity should expand as the soil drainage improves.