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Chinese Quince (Pseudocydonia sinensis)

Chinese Quince Tree As you walk from the Program Shelter along the edge of the Arboretum's Shade Tree Collection in early November, you may notice a tree bearing large globular fruits, many of which have fallen to the ground. As its name indicates, Chinese Quince is a native of Eastern China. Although related to other European and Asian Quinces, it has been placed in a separate genus. It may grow from 10 to more than 40 ft in height and develops a dense, twiggy crown. The alternate, simple, dark green leaves have serrated margins and turn yellow to red in the fall. The attractive fluted bark is flaky and is said to resemble the bark of Sycamore. Chinese Quince has been used to treat such illnesses as asthma, the common cold, and tuberculosis. The hard, dark red wood is used in making a variety of items such as knife handles, wooden bowls, musical instruments, and picture frames.

Chinese Quince Fruit Chinese Quince Flower A member of the Rosaceae plant family, it produces fragrant, pink flowers in the spring - our specimen was in flower at the end of March in 2011. The large (as much as 7 in. long and 4 in. wide), astringent fruits become sweeter after frost and are used for making jams, syrups, and liqueurs.

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University of Tennessee - Forest Resources AgResearch and Education Center
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