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Spruce Pine (Pinus glabra)

Spruce Pine A native of the Southeast Coastal Plain, Spruce Pine is found on moderately to poorly drained sandy soils in southern South Carolina, northern Florida, and along the Gulf Coast to Mississippi and Louisiana. A well-developed Spruce Pine specimen planted in 1965 can be seen near the Central China Collection.

Unlike many other pines, Spruce Pine is shade tolerant and may regenerate beneath a forest canopy. It can be used for pulp and rough lumber, but the wood is brittle and not particularly suitable for commercial use. It also is used as a landscape tree.

Spruce Pine Cones Spruce Pine Bark Spruce Pine can grow to heights of 80-100 ft. The straight or slightly twisted, dark green needles are 2-3 in. long and borne in fascicles of 2. The bark of young trees is smooth and gray, but develops shallow ridges and fissures on older trees. The common name reflects the resemblance of the branching pattern and bark to spruce. The cones are about 2.5 inches in diameter and have small or no prickles at the tips of the scales. The seed cones develop over a 2-year period and may remain on the tree for 3-4 years.

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University of Tennessee - Forest Resources AgResearch and Education Center
901 South Illinois Avenue, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37830 · Telephone: 865-483-3571 · Email: UTforest@utk.edu